Ethiopian human rights organization urges government to act on continued killings in Oromia
The security situation in the Oromia region of Ethiopia shows no signs of improving. Citizens of the region continue to face rights violations and assassinations at the hands of the radical nationalist organization Oromo – Shane.
The group calling itself the “Oromo Liberation Army” has stepped up military operations in the region – particularly after the Ethiopian government entered into negotiations with the TPLF in South Africa.
The attacks take place in areas close to the geographic center and power of Ethiopia. For the past ten days or so the group has attempted to control Nekemet and stormed a church service in Gebre Guracha – further east of the East Wollega area.
The Ethiopian Human Rights Council has documented all recent killings against civilians and calls on the government to put an end to them.
He called on “the Federal Government and the Oromia State Government, by strengthening the measures taken against the Shene armed groups inflicting repeated violence in different parts of Oromia Region, to rapidly reduce violence before it spreads to adjacent woredas and becomes a national concern, as well as to protect human rights »
The full statement is presented below:
“The federal and state governments of Oromia should immediately end the repeated violations against innocent civilians!
November 11, 2022
Over the past 31 years, the Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRCO) has been a leading figure in its myriad contributions to-notice respect for human rights, the rule of law and the construction of a democratic system. Although EHRCO, regarding identity violence committed in different parts of Oromia Region, has issued various press releases issued on May 23, 2022, May 28, 2022, June 5, 2022, June 21, 2022, July 4, 2022, 6 July 2022, September 9, 2022, September 25, 2022, September 30, 2022, October 5, 2022 and November 3, 2022, and urging relevant agencies for its resolution, with its escalation, citizens are subject to severe cases of death, personal injury , destruction of property, kidnapping and displacement.
Through the information gathered, EHRCO learned that according to Oromia Region, Eastern Wollega Zone, Tsige Town, a town near Sasga Woreda, the attack by armed forces on 18-19 October 2022 caused deaths, physical injuries, destruction of property, and in the same vain, as the attack on students who were traveling in public transport Going through the Gida Ayana-Nekemt road on October 29, 2022, at present, has resulted in the death of an unknown number of people and physical injuries.
EHRCO noted that ex post On October 31, 2022, the road from Nekemt to Western Wollega, Kellem Wollega and Asosa was closed at different locations due to Shene armies and firefights between armed and government forces to reopen closed roads and liberate areas occupied by the armed group resulted in the death and physical injury of innocent people. In addition, EHRCO has learned that residents of Gida Ayana Woreda, Fit Beko Kebele, who had also been displaced years earlier and returned to their homes believing that relative peace had been restored, were victims of looting by the groups armed. EHRCO understood that in line with Oromia Region, Eastern Arsi Zone, Deju Woreda, Haruta Kebele and following the attack launched by Shene armed groups on November 6, 2022, 4 people had lost their lives, people had been injured and the inhabitants of Kebele remain in great danger; similarly, in Deji Woreda, Amshara Kebele, 8 people were killed in the evening of the same day and residents of Deju Woreda, Addis Hiwot, Menebere Hiwot, Tesfa Hiwot, Merti and Achamo kebeles in eastern ‘Arsi, Oromia region, have been surrounded by the armed group and are therefore in a deplorable state; moreover, on the same day, 15 religious ministers were horribly killed by unidentified armed groups in Sasga Woreda, Eastern Wellega Zone, Oromia Region.
In accordance with Western Shewa, Burka Kebele area, EHRCO found that on November 3, 2022, Shene armed groups kidnapped 4 farmers as the latter were told that they would be released if they brought three hundred thousand birr (ETB 300,000.00) later on while their families were on their way after collecting the money, the kidnapped people were horribly killed by the Shene the armed forces and their remains were discovered at the Woliso police station; thus, also that their remains were brought to their families and their burials carried out.
On the other hand, in the region of Oromia, Eastern Wollega Zone, EHRCO was able to learn that, on November 6, 2022, from 6:00 am, Shene armed groups withdrew after entering the town of Nekemte, killing innocent people, inflicting physical injuries, looting property and kidnapping people.
EHRCO, thanks to its information collected, was able to observe that, on November 7, 2022, armed groups opened fire on cars traveling to the city of Meqi Going through the highway from Addis to Hawassa, people lost their lives, suffered physical injuries and some of the passing vehicles were burned.
In addition, EHRCO learned that, in line with Oromia Region, Western Wollega Zone, Gimbi Woreda, Tolle Kebele, where most of the Amhara natives live, and following the approach and the capture of the area by Shene armed groups, the government had taken more than 1,800 households, Going through the federal police escort, to another place offering better security conditions.
EHRCO would like to state that when local security permits, it will carry out a comprehensive monitoring and thus issue a detailed report regarding the above-mentioned issues.
Related legal obligations:
Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), as well as Articles 6 (1) and 9 (1) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) affirm the right of everyone to life, liberty and security. Confirming this right, Articles 2(1) and 2(2) of the ICCPR provide that States Parties, within their jurisdiction, bear the duty to respect, protect and fulfil. Article 4 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) states that “Every human being has the right to respect for his life and the integrity of his person. No one may be arbitrarily deprived of this right.
Article 14 of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) states that “Everyone has the inviolable and inalienable right to life, security of person and liberty”. In the same vein, Article 15 states that “Everyone has the right to life. No one may be deprived of life except as punishment for a serious criminal offense determined by law. Similarly, Section 16 of the FDRE Constitution states that “Everyone has the right not to be hurt by bodily harm.”
Article 13 of the UDHR, as well as Article 12 of the ICCPR, state that “Everyone who is lawfully within the territory of a State has the right to freedom of movement within that territory…” L Article 6 of the ACHPR states that “Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person”. person has the right to[physicallibertyandthefreedomtomoveaboutanywhereasonedesires[lalibertéphysiqueetlalibertédesedéplaceroùbonluisemble[physicallibertyandthefreedomtomoveaboutanywhereasonedesires
Although Ethiopia is not a party, Article 1(1) of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance states that “No one shall be subjected to enforced disappearance” and that actors who commit such a crime, will be held accountable to the government.
● For the Federal Government and the State Government of Oromia, by strengthening the measures taken against the Shene armed groups inflicting repeated violence in different parts of Oromia Region, to rapidly reduce violence before it spreads to adjacent woredas and becomes a national concern as well as to protect human rights;
● That the government detain those who committed the acts of kidnapping and murder vis à vis 4 farmers from Oromia region, Western Shewa zone, Amaya Woreda, Burqa Kebele, criminally responsible; ● Granted that residents of Deju Woreda, Addis Hiwot, Menebere Hiwot, Tesfa Hiwot, Merti and Achamo kebeles, East Arsi, Oromia region were surrounded by Shene armed groups and face great danger, so that the regional and federal government take appropriate measures to relieve the public; ● We can recall that the heavy attacks inflicted by Shene armed groups had led to the violation of human rights in the region of Oromia, the Western Wollega zone, Gimibi Woreda, Tolle Kebele. Admittedly, this area, where most of the Amhara natives also live, is still surrounded by Shene armed groups, acknowledging the relocation of more than 1,800 households, for their safety, by the government, for the federal and state governments of Oromia to provide the necessary protection and humanitarian support to these people as well as to those who live under great anxiety within Tolle Kebele;
● The Federal Government and the Oromia Regional Government, by identifying areas of concern and providing serious protective measures, allowing the public to move freely and perform their duties vis à vis protection of people’s human rights; and ensure the protection of society and national resources threatened with destruction;
● For the government to put an end to the violations committed on the highway from Addis Ababa to Hawassa and, by ensuring the safety of the road, guaranteeing the citizens’ right to life, physical security, right to property and freedom of movement;
● For the government to hold those implicated in the violations repeatedly committed by Shene armed groups and working Going through different structures with the armed group to the aggravation of human rights violations, thus curbing the culture of impunity;
● Concerning the battles between government and Shene armed group forces in different parts of the Oromia region, to ensure that both sides refrain from targeting innocent civilians;
● And EHRCO appeals, regarding the reduction of persistent and organized attacks committed in different parts of Oromia region, to religious fathers, elders, civil society organizations (CSOs), political parties, journalists and to the media, social activists and other relevant stakeholders to do their fair share and advocate for the government, giving it the attention it deserves, to do its duty.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia”
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