J&K Sees More Developers, Fewer Terrorist Incidents Since Reorganization
Jammu Tawi, April 14: There were 229 terrorism-related incidents in Jammu and Kashmir last year, down from 417 in 2018, a three-year drop of 38%. There were also fewer deaths during the 2019-21 period (46 military and 87 civilians) compared to the 2014-19 period, when 178 soldiers and 177 civilians were killed in terrorism-related incidents and attacks. .
J&K has also seen increased infrastructure development – including industrial development and investment roads, power generation, education, healthcare and housing – since 2019.
Overall industrial development has increased as a ₹28,400 crore scheme for industrialization of J&K in 2021 means over 4.50 lakh people can find employment. Also, from 2019 to date, proposals worth ₹47,441 crore – employment potential of 1.97 lakh – have been received.
The length of roads has increased from 39,345 km before 2019 to more than 41,000 km since. A new pothole-free roads program has also been launched and the goal is to create 5,900 km of pothole-free roads by 2021-22. Of this 4,600 km have been covered.
The Qazigund-Banihal tunnel section of the Srinagar-Jammu national highway was completed after 2019, reducing average layover times for trucks by up to 60 hours and passenger travel time by six and a half hours. Travel time Jammu-Doda and Jammu-Kishtwar has also been reduced due to improved roads and connectivity.
Other road highlights include the completion of four national highway projects and agreements for 10 new road/tunnel projects, as well as a September deadline for the completion of a railway bridge over the river Chenab which will be a world record.
Electricity generation and distribution have also improved since 2019. MoUs for three projects – Uri (stage 2), Dulhasti (stage 2) and the Sawalkote hydroelectric project – are under development. The combined capacity of these is 2,894 MW. The 930 MW Kirthai hydroelectric project and several others are also under development for a total capacity of 2,164 MW.
Over the next five years, the government expects 21 hydropower projects to produce 5,186 MW of electricity, more than the 3,505 MW capacity developed since independence.
Prior to 2019, there were three medical schools and 20 district hospitals at J&K. Since then, two new AIIMS and seven new medical schools have been added, along with cancer facilities and nursing schools. Nearly 2,000 places have been added in MBBS and PG courses.
Significantly, a J&K health scheme now provides free universal health coverage up to ₹5 lakh per household per year for all residents of the union territory.
Key health indicators – such as the infant mortality rate and the availability of clean water – have also improved.
Under Narendra Modi government’s Jal Jeevan mission, 100% of rural schools, Anganwadi centers and health facilities are connected to the tap.
Education and housing
Education and housing have also seen improvements, with more graduate engineering schools (147 since 2019 compared to 96 previously).
In line with changing global education systems and requirements, over 1,200 university classrooms are now digital classrooms, and the University of Jammu and University of Kashmir have seen their NIRF rankings increased.
This includes expenditure of ₹36,112 crore (compared to ₹20,197 crore before 2019) for 25 completed projects to create homes for returning Kashmiri migrants.
100% of J&K’s urban neighborhoods are now covered by door-to-door waste collection systems, compared to only 52% before 2019.
And the cleaning of the iconic Dal Lake in Srinagar now amounts to more than 10 km2 per year, compared to less than 2 km2 per year before 2019.
It is important to note that the 7th salary commission has been applied for government employees since 2019, as well as education and transport allowances for children, among other benefits.
J&K now offers both night landing of aircraft and is open to international passenger traffic to increase tourism revenue. Air traffic is now nearly four lakh per month since 2019, down from less than two lakh per month earlier.
All this development since 2019 has resulted in increased revenue from GST and other taxes – approx. ₹13,418 crore from ₹8,213 crore before 2019. Excise duty collection also increased – by ₹1,275 crore or so. before 2019 at ₹1,560 crore since.