Myanmar Civil War Civilization – The Organization for World Peace

More than 200 Rohingya Muslims landed in the Indonesian province of Aceh on Tuesday, local authorities said. Reuters. They are the latest group of refugees to flee the violence and instability in Myanmar. Targeted campaigns of violence against the Rohingya minority and intense fighting between Myanmar’s military junta and separatist groups in recent years have forced millions out of the country, sparking one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises.

The exodus of the Rohingya, who the United Nations has described as “the most persecuted minority in the world”, began in August 2017 when deadly attacks erupted in Myanmar’s Rakhine state. More than 700,000 people, half of them children, migrated to neighboring countries including Bangladesh, India and Thailand, often traveling through dense jungles and stormy waters in search of refuge from massacres and other human rights violations.

UN-appointed human rights expert Tom Andrews said conditions have deteriorated since Myanmar’s military launched its coup in February 2021. The devastating effects of the war Myanmar’s ongoing civil war include “1.3 million people displaced, 28,000 homes destroyed, villages burned, plus over 13,000 children killed…a looming food crisis and 130,000 Rohingya in de facto internment camps”, said the Human Rights Council in September.

As pro-democracy forces gain ground against the ruling junta, military leaders have resorted to extreme tactics, such as obstructing the delivery of aid to displaced populations and intensifying indiscriminate killings, sexual violence and torture against civilian targets, to maintain their grip on power. . On October 25, Burmese army airstrikes reportedly killed around 80 people attending an outdoor concert in Hpakant township, CNBC reported.

As the case of Myanmar shows, humanitarian law is inadequate to govern the situation of civilians in armed conflict. The Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project has estimated that political violence in Myanmar has claimed almost 30,000 lives since February last year. Although the rules of modern warfare permit adversaries to unintentionally kill civilians, the intentional killing of innocent people appears to violate the principle of noncombatant immunity.

However, civil action in today’s armed conflicts is increasingly pervasive and ambiguous in nature. The ranks of rebel groups fighting Myanmar’s military junta have swelled with recruits from civilian communities, while refugee flows provide a means of smuggling small arms and light weapons across borders. Thus, the blurring of boundaries between civilians and combatants has reinforced the involvement of civilians as perpetrators and victims of violent hostilities.

Unfortunately, the civilization of war has exacerbated the humanitarian consequences of fighting in Myanmar and other intra-state conflicts around the world. The growing number of innocent deaths should therefore come as no surprise – the neutralization of individuals through military action will remain highly destructive and likely to backfire due to the difficulty of distinguishing between combatants and civilians in conflict. complex.

Aubrey L. Morgan